Are there different types of magic mushrooms and truffles?
There are different types of magic mushrooms, including Copelandia, Psilocybe, and Stropharia. These occur worldwide. The best known are Psilocybe cubensis (also called ‘Mexican magic mushrooms’), Copelandia cyanescens (the ‘Hawaiian’) and Psilocybe semilanceata (pointed bald heads, liberty caps). Psilocybin-containing mushrooms grow in the wild in many parts of Europe (the ‘baldhead’ is the most common). Sclerotia (truffles, triplets, ‘philosopher’s stones’ or ‘philosopher’s stone’ ) grow underground and contain, just like magic mushrooms, psilocin and psilocybin and therefore have the same effects. The most famous truffle is the Psilocybe tampanensis.
Magic mushrooms can have various shapes, but are generally brown and elongated, recognizable as a mushroom. Truffles are a brownish kind of lump, they don’t look like mushrooms, but they do have a similar taste. The taste is bitter and sour, but also nutty, and is generally perceived as dirty.
The effects of the different species are the same. More and more is known about the ingredients of mushrooms and truffles, but so far there is no reason to believe that there are really different effects. In addition to the active substances psilocin and psilocybin, they can contain other substances, such as baeocystin and norbaeocystin. In addition, they contain even more active substances in very small quantities, for example MAO inhibitors. These are probably not present enough to really make the effect different.